Monday, April 6, 2009


Umuahia is a town which is the capital of Abia State in southeastern Nigeria. Umuahia is located along the railroad that lies between Port Harcourt to Umuahia's south and Enugu city to its north. Umuahia has a population of 147,167 as of 1991 and its main ethnic group are the Igbo. The town's slogan is "Spring of Synergy." Umuahia town is known has been known as an agricultural market centre since 1916. It is also a railway collecting point, which runs through the town, for the region s surrounding for crops such as: yams, cassava, corn (maize), taro, citrus fruits, and palm oil and kernels. There are several breweries in Umuahia, and there is also a palm-oil-processing plant and the National Root Crops Research Institute, at Umudike, is adjacent to the town. Umuahia also has several colleges, including Trinity College (theological), and several hospitals.

Ann Arbor Summer Festival

The Ann Arbor Summer Festival is an annual display of performing arts, outdoor entertainment and community spirit in Ann Arbor, Michigan. Each year, the three-week event offers dozens of performances, events, activities, exhibitions, parties and more, with eclectic music, dance, theater, film, visual arts and family fun.

The Ann Arbor Summer Festival was incorporated in 1978 as a town and gown nonprofit organization and presented its first full season in 1984. The Festival was created to support two concurrent and complementary performing arts programs, one indoor and one outdoor, on the University of Michigan campus. The Mainstage series occurs in the Power Center for the Performing Arts and Hill Auditorium, and includes ticketed performances of music, dance, theater and comedy that are national and international in scope. The second series, Top of the Park, takes place directly outside the indoor venues and is free to the general public.

Early Festival seasons emphasized classical music and theater but have since become more popular and diverse in nature, encompassing a breadth of performance genres. Top of the Park was initially developed as a gathering place for patrons before and after the indoor performances and featured live entertainment and refreshment sales. Top of the Park soon began to attract audiences on its own and is now one of Ann Arbor's favorite community events featuring an eclectic mix of performances by local and regional artists. A selection of classic, children's and popular films are screened at dusk. Attendance at Top of the Park averages 1,500 people per night.

HMS Collingwood (1908)

HMS Collingwood was a St. Vincent-class battleship of the Royal Navy.

The ship was launched 7 November 1908, and completed in 1910, serving in the 1st Division of the British Home Fleet. In February, 1911 Collingwood grounded on an uncharted rock off Ferrol.

She became flagship of the 1st Battle Squadron in June 1912, joined the Grand Fleet in August 1914, and participated at the Battle of Jutland. Prince Albert (later King George VI) served on Collingwood at Jutland as a sub-lieutenant in 'A' turret.

In 1916, Collingwood joined the Fourth Battle Squadron and later served as a gunnery training ship at Portsmouth. The ship was sold for scrap in 1922.

John F. Kennedy High School (Willingboro, New Jersey)

John F. Kennedy High School is a defunct public high school in Willingboro township in New Jersey,United States that operated until the end of the 1988-89 school year, as part of the Willingboro Township Public Schools.

Willingboro High School was opened in 1975 as a response to the overcrowded student population at John F. Kennedy High School, at the time the only high school in Willingboro, located just down the road on Kennedy Way. For a short time, residents were having a difficult time in deciding what to call the new Willingboro high school; some sought to name the new high school "J.F. Kennedy High School - East" while others debated on naming the school, "Robert F. Kennedy" after the recently-deceased Attorney General and senator from New York and President Kennedy's brother. A vote was taken and it was decided that the only appropriate name would be what the school is called today "Willingboro High School".

The two schools were merged at the start of the 1989-90 school year, with all students attending what is now Willingboro High School and John F. Kennedy High School was closed.

Willingboro Township purchased the site of the defunct high school in late 1998, with plans to turn it into a community center that could include a conference center, theater, indoor tennis courts and other athletic facilities.

Garden strawberry

Garden strawberries are a common variety of strawberry cultivated worldwide. Like other species of Fragaria (strawberries), it belongs to the family Rosaceae. Technically it is not a fruit but a false fruit, meaning the fleshy part is derived not from the plant's ovaries (achenes) but from the peg at the bottom of the bowl-shaped hypanthium that holds the ovaries.

The Garden Strawberry was first bred in Europe in the early 18th century. This represents the accidental cross of Fragaria virginiana from eastern North America which was noted for its flavor, and Fragaria chiloensis from Chile, which was noted for its large size.

Cultivars of Fragaria × ananassa have replaced in commercial production the Woodland Stawberry which was the first strawberry species cultivated in the early 17th century.

Thursday, March 5, 2009

Spam (electronic)

Spam is the abuse of electronic messaging systems to send unsolicited bulk messages indiscriminately. While the most widely recognized form of spam is email spam, the term is applied to similar abuses in other media: instant messaging spam, Usenet newsgroup net, spam in blogs, wiki spam and file sharing network spam.

Spamming remains economically viable because advertisers have no operating costs beyond the management of their mailing lists, and it is difficult to hold senders accountable for their mass mailings. Because the barrier to entry is so low, spammers are numerous, and the volume of unsolicited mail has become very high. The costs, such as lost productivity and fraud, are borne by the public and by Internet service provider, which have been forced to add extra capacity to cope with the deluge. Spamming is widely reviled, and has been the subject of legislation in many jurisdictions.

Green Valleys

Green Valley is a region on Mars that was chosen as the landing site of NASA's Pheonix lander. It is located at 68.35 degrees north, 233 degrees east. The valley is about 50 kilometers wide but only about 250 meters deep; either it was filled in or was never any deeper than that. The edges are not visible from the middle of the valley.
The ground within Green Valley is covered with polygonal features several meters across and roughly ten centimeters high, thought to be caused either by repeated freeze-thaw cycles or by the effects of wind-blown dust. Water ice is thought to be just below the surface.During the local winter as much as three feet of carbon dioxide ice is expected to appear on the surface.